The development of new energy vehicles in China has gained momentum. It is developing rapidly in terms of vehicle pairing, technology development and the consumer market for new energy vehicles, and has made great strides in business, technology and markets.
Current status of enterprise development
There are two models for local Chinese vehicle companies to develop new energy vehicles. Large automakers have developed new energy vehicles. After the introduction of the Programme in 2009, concept cars were released on a large scale and trial operations sprang up, and a number of car companies have entered the battle for new energy vehicles. Governments in major auto industry provinces such as Jilin, Anhui, Guangdong and Hunan have also scrambled to encircle their territories, introducing policies to encourage major local auto companies to establish new energy vehicle bases in a bid to gain strong support from these policies. At present, nearly 100 car companies across the country have invested in the research and development of new energy vehicles. Not only car manufacturers, but also energy suppliers, ancillary facilities construction companies and technology development companies have invested huge amounts of money to support the construction of new energy vehicles. On 18 August 2010, a central alliance of new energy vehicle companies, led by the National Heritage Management Committee and formed by central enterprises, was established. The involvement of large groups means that the technical calibre will be more unified and the concentration of enterprises will be further enhanced and increased.
Current status of technology development
China started to implement the new energy vehicle science and technology plan during the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, and during the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" and "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" periods, China has invested 2.04 billion yuan in scientific research funds to implement During the 10th and 11th Five-Year Plans, China has invested 2.04 billion yuan in scientific research and implemented the "863" plan, major scientific and technological projects for electric vehicles, and major projects for energy-saving and new energy vehicles; during the past 10 years, more than 500 related topics have been set up to continuously encourage independent research and development of electric vehicles and other energy-saving and new energy vehicles, and three technical routes have been formed, namely, pure electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cells. The three technology lines of pure electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cells are the "three verticals", and the three common technologies of multi-energy powertrain control system, drive motor and its control system, and power battery and its management system are the "three horizontals" of electric vehicle R&D pattern. After two five-year plans of scientific and technological research, China has made significant progress in the field of new energy vehicles, and has established its own intellectual property rights of electric vehicle power system technology platform and vehicle integration technology, developed a series of large-scale application products, and the overall level is in the forefront of the international.
While promoting the progress of electric vehicle research and development, China is also actively promoting the "talent, patent and standard" strategy in an effort to gain a voice in future competition. In the implementation of the science and technology plan alone, 2,881 patents have been applied for, including 1,635 special inventions, and 42 national standards and industry standards for electric vehicles have been promulgated. However, China and foreign countries are not yet on the same starting line in terms of new energy technology, and the gap between China and developed countries is still wide in terms of key components such as lithium batteries, drive motors and power control systems for automobiles.
Supporting environment for new energy vehicles
As of April 2021, a total of 65,000 charging stations, 644 exchange stations and 1.87 million charging piles of various types have been built nationwide, and a highway fast-charging network covering 176 cities and over 50,000 km has been completed.
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